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What to know about bed sores

Nursing home abuse manifests in several different ways. One of the most common symptoms you will notice in a neglected loved one is the formation of bed sores.

Bed sores can develop on any part of the body. However, they are most likely to occur on the ankles, heels, knees, elbows and coccyx. It is vital to be aware of any changes in your loved one. Bed sores are easily treatable in the early stages, but they progressively become more dangerous in stage four. Here are the basics of what to know about this dangerous medical condition.

What causes bed sores?

Bed sores develop when a person remains in one position for an extended period of time. This is why nurses in assisted care facilities need to rotate stagnant patients once every two hours. The injured tissue can then develop an infection, and this leads to a bed sore.

What are the symptoms of bed sores?

Nursing home residents should receive visual examinations once in a while to ensure no sores develop anywhere. The sores themselves will appear red, blue or purple on the skin. The skin will be painful, and the patient may experience burning or itching sensations on the area of the body with the sore.

What additional complications can develop?

Treatment is essential to ensure the bed sore does not develop into something worse. Without treatment, bed sores can quickly form into sepsis or cellulitis. Some patients develop a joint or bone infection.

What treatments are available?

The first thing a patient should do is alleviate pressure from the bed sore area. From there, a nurse should clean the wound to prevent an infection. The nurse should then apply a dressing to the site and provide the patient with antibiotics. For more severe forms of bed sores, the patient may need to undergo negative pressure wound therapy or surgery.