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Different types of elder abuse

Some elderly family members may require special assistance, and those who cannot provide it themselves sometimes trust care facilities to aid in this area. Unfortunately, some care facilities and staff do not provide proper care and may sometimes neglect their residents.

In such cases, it may be possible to file a claim against the facility or caretaker. To build a successful claim, claimants should fully understand the different types of elder abuse.


In short, physical abuse is causing bodily harm or impairment to another individual. This can take many forms, and therefore results in a variety of symptoms, including:

  • Bruising, welts, cuts and other wounds
  • Broken bones, fractures and sprains
  • Internal bleeding or injuries
  • Abrupt changes in behavior

Just as family members noticed signs that indicate the need for assistance, it is important to continue to monitor the actions of the elderly adult to make sure the assistance is truly helpful.

Mental and emotional

Mental and emotional abuse may be a bit harder to recognize at first because it does not always show up in physical manifestations. However, it is still very real and present in some elder care situations. When a caretaker uses verbal or nonverbal cues to cause pain, embarrassment, distress or anguish, it is abuse.


Financial abuse is the improper or illegal use of an elderly adult’s funds or assets, whether a person coerces the elderly adult into providing the assets or takes them by some other means.


It is important to note that neglect is different from general negligence. Especially in the case of elder care, neglect occurs when a caretaker does not provide necessary support for the elderly adult to live comfortably. This involves not providing certain necessities, such as food and water, as well as allowing the elder to live in squalor.

By knowing and understanding the types of elder abuse, claimants can create strong cases. When building a case, it may be beneficial to consult with a knowledgeable attorney.